Archived from the original pdf on 29 november 2007. Historically, the country was the worlds largest gold producer for many years before. Geosciences free fulltext the nature and articulation of ethical. Gold mining operations continue to play a pivotal role in the economies of ghana, zimbabwe, mozambique, and burkina faso. Gold fields mining south africa pty ltd kloof gold mine. Gold mining in south africa is a big industry that is employing numerous individuals, with the industry producing some of the richest people in mzansi. A perspective on the south african mining industry in the 21st. The gold mining industry plays an important role in the lives of employees, communities and the country as a whole. Its effects however, are more visible locally amongst mining communities and in the rural areas of the country. Pdf trends in productivity in the south african gold. China was the largest gold producer in the world in 2016, accounting for around 14% of total annual production.
Mining in south africa began with chance discovery of a diamond on the banks of the orange river in 1867. After more than a century of gold mining in south africa, the us geological surveys latest estimate still ranks south africa as the custodian of the worlds second largest gold. Mining in the region predated european arrivals by several centuries, however, as the new government recalled in its minerals policy statements in 1994 and 1995. There are a lot of gold mines in south africa, and this list of mines in south africa covers different areas around the country. Mozambique, south of latitude 22, and by 1907 to 1909 a big inflow of. South africas gold industry, like its economy, is crumbling. The south african gold mining sector is currently locked into existing mine designs and methods, which are producing at near full capacity. Gold mining in johannesburg, south africa summary robinson mine, crown mine, village deep gold mine, and new gold mine. Gold mining in south africa an overview for gold investors. Gold mining has become one the main factors to the growth of south africa. Largescale and profitable mining started with the discovery of a diamond on the banks of the orange river in 1867 by erasmus jacobs and the subsequent discovery and exploitation of the kimberley pipes a few years later. From when gold mining started more than a century ago, until 2006, south africa has been the largest producer of gold in the world 3,4. Mining in south africa was once the main driving force behind the history and development of africa s most advanced and richest economy.
Pdf the centrality of labor time in south african gold mining since. But there are also important coal mines on the highveld which are associated with south. Mining in africa open knowledge repository world bank group. The social and economic impacts of gold mining the world gold council is the market development organisation for the gold industry.
Platinumgroup elements in southern africamineral inventory and. South africa produced 120 tonnes of gold in 2018 and remains a top 10 gold producing country. As the evidence that follows will demonstrate, the role of mining in the. Botswana tn \, republic cape province 0 0 locality plan scalel0000 0 100 200km 0galaoccurrences fig. Mali, south africa, and tanzaniawere among the worlds top 20 gold. With the witwatersrand gold rush in full swing, mining financier jb robinson bought the farm randfontein and, in 1889, floated the randfontein es. As detailed in a study devoted to gold mining in western ghana,4 the mining sec tor received. Tholana 6171 mining companies globally are currently facing severe economic and financial challenges. The journal of the south african institute of mining and metallurgy. List of the biggest mining companies in south africa.
Mineral resource and reserve update for the agbaou gold mine. Much of the area is devoted to commercial farming, but it also contains south africa s largest conurbation in gauteng province, the centre of the gold mining industry. The centrality of labor time in south african gold mining since 1886. Pdf on may 1, 2016, paul stewart and others published the. Mineral resources and mineral reserves 2018 harmony. Gold mining contributes to socioeconomic development. Gold mining still happens in gauteng, and the province is home to the worlds two deepest mines, the mponeng and tautona gold mines owned by anglogold ashanti, that extend to depths of almost 4km below ground. Ptm, on behalf of platinum group metals ltd, the issuer, to complete an independent ni 43101 technical report on exploration at the waterberg extension project. The rapid growth of the gold mining industry intensified processes started by the diamond boom. Roodepoort, south africa revised and updated mineral resource estimate for the waterberg platinum project, south africa latitude 23 22.
Johannesburg harmony gold mining and white rivers exploration said they found a major gold deposit in south africas free state that could lead to one of the countrys first new mines for the metal in the last 25 years. Platinum group metals ltd technical report on the exploration. The signs of the impacts of mining activities on agricultural lands within kyebi and its. Coffey mining south africa pty limited coffey has been requested by platinum group metals rsa pty ltd. The impact of gold mining on the witwatersrand on the. The witwatersrand is in gauteng province, south africa. Pages in category gold mining in south africa the following 3 pages are in this category, out of 3 total. Regulating mining in africa the web site cannot be found. The province has 12 gold mines, producing 30% of south africas output and making it the fifthlargest producer of gold in the world. Solving south africas violent and costly zama zama p. Gold fields in r4bn rights issue to go it alone on new mine businesslive. Smaller gold mining mine operations which are not show or listed are the bully choop mine, hayden hill mine, cole cash mine, sixteen to one gold mine, red ledge mine, hoffman mine, timm mine, cal sierra mine, mclaughlin mine sutter creek mine and the colorado quartz mine. The city has considerable historical significance due to its diamond mining past and the siege during the second boer war. Gold mining in south africa taung gold international limited.
The existing mining methods are cyclic, noncontinuous, and rely on equipment, such as scraper winches, that has limited capacity and efficiency. How minerals fuel conflicts in africa by nicolas berman, mathieu couttenier, dominic rohner, and mathias thoenig we combine georeferenced data on mining extraction of 14 minerals with information on conflict events at spatial resolution of 0. The sabiepilgrims rest goldfield produced the first genuine gold rush in south africa. Arguably, productivity in the south african gold sector may be. Mines and gold mining operations have become increasingly geographically diverse, far removed from the concentrated supply of four decades or so ago when the vast majority of the worlds gold came from south africa. In 1917, johannesburg became the headquarters of the angloamerican corporation founded by ernest oppenheimer which ultimately became one of the worlds largest corporations, dominating both gold mining and diamond mining in south africa. In 1917, johannesburg became the headquarters of the angloamerican corporation founded by ernest oppenheimer which ultimately became one of the worlds largest corporations, dominating both goldmining and diamondmining in south africa.
Johannesburg, city, gauteng province, south africa, that is the countrys chief industrial and financial metropolis. Aditnow the definitive online resource for the mine explorer and mining historian mine explorer and mining history videos on youtube. Gold mining was distinguished from other mining sectors by virtue of its strong and sustained decline in output, while other sectors either increased their volume of output, maintained constant. The regulatory landscape in africa 20 south africa mining charter 21 south africa diesel refund scheme 22 tanzania the impact of regulatory changes 26. The bushveld is one of the largest and best known layered igneous mineral complexes. Robinson sold his shares in randfontein estates gold mining company, worth. South africas gold miners turn to machines to stay afloat as gold gets harder and more expensive to mine, companies look for more efficient, safer ways to dig deeper. By the 1880s, the mines around kimberley produced around 95% of the world diamonds. Crushing and stamping mills, machinery, gold quartz mining, crushed ore, black workers in the mines. Public health implications of changing patterns of recruitment into. However, trends in productivity in the south african gold mining industry by p. The gold of migrant labour ruth first editor of fighting talk and johannesburg editor of new age one of the 91 still standing trial jor high treason. C harmony gold mining company limited mineral resources and mineral reserves 2018. Public health implications of changing patterns of.
That iconic industry created wealth that attracted immigrants from around the. The nuclear fuels corporation of south africa nufcor started processing uranium as a byproduct of gold mining in 1967. This is gold is an initiative begun by south african gold producers to provide insight into the gold industry, and its contribution to south africa. The free state is also rich in mineral wealth, gold representing 20% of the worlds total gold production. South african gold panning association the south african gold panning association sagpa is delighted to welcome you to the mecca of gold panning in africa, pilgrims rest. The social and economic impacts of gold mining yoursri. Gold fields fullyear profits rise, to raise funds mining. South africa hosts as many as 146 gold mines, followed by zimbabwe with 62.
Geologic map of the bushveld complex and surrounding rocks, south africa. South africas gold miners turn to machines to stay afloat. Opportunities and challenges facing the south african mining industry presentation to the sacea agm by roger baxter, senior executive, chamber of mines of south africa, 17 february 2011 presentation outline mining and minerals, integral to modern society the south african mining industry the future the global mining industry back to the. Figure 1major areas of supply of black gold miners in southern africa. Gold mining in johannesburg, south africa library of. The province has 12 gold mines, producing 30% of south africa s output and making it the fifthlargest producer of gold in the world. Major building developments took place in the 1930s, after south africa went off the gold standard. Searchable database of gold mines in south africa from aditnow, the leading online resource for mine explorers and mining historians.
Mining is one of the key sectors of the south african economy, contributing almost 10% to the countrys gdp. Opportunities and challenges facing the south african mining. Along with platinum, coal and iron ore, its an important part of the economy. In 2009 south africa was the fourth largest diamond industry in the world. South africa was once the worlds biggest gold producer, with more than 75 percent of all global reserves in 1970.
Davis, an englishman, was reported to have found gold in considerable quantities in july 1852 at paardekraal near krugersdorp, which was the earliest discovery on the rand. But there are also important coal mines on the highveld which are associated with south africa s major electricity generating power stations. Gold fields of south africa limited was amalgamated with other smaller companies into the consolidated gold fields of south africa limited in 1892. Introduction association of mine managers south africa.
At the start of the new century, the south african mining cluster is making a rich and. These changes portend further externalisation of the burden of mining lung disease to home communities, as miners, particularly from the gold sector, leave the industry. South africas modern history has often been dated from the first commercial mining of diamonds and gold in the 1870s and the 1880s, when the region became a magnet for european investment see diamonds. This lists includes all the countries in which gold fields operates, namely ghana, south africa, australia and pery. A paradigm shift is needed if south africa is to successfully tackle the growing infiltration of industrial gold mines by the zama zamas. Mining grew with discovery of diamonds and increased with the. Gauteng province is the roughly the southern portion of what was previously the transvaal, formerly an independent state settled by the boers after the great trek.
Environmental, health, and human rights consequences of gold mining in south africas west and central rand summary and recommendations international human rights clinic harvard law school cover illustration the poor community of soul city extension 2 sits near a gold mine waste dump in the west rand. Transforming gold mining in south africa 2016 in 1873 the first payable gold field was discovered in south africas eastern goldfields in the sabie area, some 300kms from the witwatersrand wits which, at the time, had no identity. Technical report for the ity gold mine, cote divoire, west africa. Randfontein is a gold mining city in western gauteng, south africa, 40 km 25 mi west of johannesburg. In addition to global challenges, the south african. It is located approximately 110 km east of the confluence of the vaal and orange rivers. South africa occupies the southern tip of africa, its coastline stretching more than 2,850. This study analysed the major south african mining recruitment. South africa has the secondlargest reserves of uranium in the world. Gold mining in south africa over 50% of all gold reserves are found in south africa, with the witwatersrand basin remaining the largest gold resource in the world. Consistent with these causal associations, studies of gold miners over.
Gold mining most costly in south africa businesslive. Damang is located in southwestern ghana, approximately 300km by road west of accra, the capital, at latitude 511n and longitude 157w. In 1886, on the farm of langlaagte, the rapidly growing diamond industry was eclipsed by the discovery of gold. Most of the uranium produced as a byproduct of gold mining is concentrated in the. Goldinsouthafrica the southern african institute of mining. Major california gold mining operations are listed below and on the above map. List of gold mines in south africa mine exploration. In this paper we examine whether this perception of the role ofmining in the south african economy remains justied.
The nature and articulation of ethical codes on tailings. More than ever before the south african industry is deeply conscious of its role in society, its obligations to its host communities and their. South african gold mining industry due to their level of market capitalization. A century of migrant labour in the gold mines of south africa saimm.
Opportunities and challenges facing the south african. There are worldclass mining companies in gold, platinum, diamonds. Gold mining exploits and the legacies of johannesburgs. Goldfields south africa ran the tarkwa mine on a management contract from. Endeavour mining corporation ity mine, cote divoire latitude 6 52. Metals consultancy gfms warns costs of mining gold in sa are set to rise as highergrade resources are depleted. In 1975, south africa was responsible for producing 40% of the gold ever mined. Working within the investment, jewellery and technology sectors, as well as engaging with governments and central banks, our purpose is to provide industry leadership, whilst stimulating and sustaining demand for gold. The region covered by this report ranges in latitude from the equator to 42. The days when each country in africa was an island are over, and few know this better than south africa s vast and wealthy gold mining industry. South africa has rich mineral reserves in gold, iron ore and coal and is the leading producer of copper, platinum, vanadium and uranium. Mining in south africa makes a meaningful contribution to the south african economy. An overview of producer services in the mining industry in. Gold mining in south africa typically involves methods such as panning, sluicing, dredging, hard rock mining, and byproduct mining.
Jun 19, 2019 a paradigm shift is needed if south africa is to successfully tackle the growing infiltration of industrial gold mines by the zama zamas. From 1970 onwards, gold mining in the gcr rapidly declined, and a shift to a serviceoriented economy occurred. Together with the gold and platinum impairments, it meant that the industry recorded a loss for 2018. In our study of south african producer services, the recurring difficulty of aggregation and disaggregation of economic sectors has further. Much of the area is devoted to commercial farming, but it also contains south africas largest conurbation in gauteng province, the centre of the gold mining industry. The latter two countries have benefitted from the mining sector by encouraging companies to do more of the valueadding processing of gold domestically rather than sending raw materials abroad unctad, 2005. Kimberley is the capital and largest city of the northern cape province of south africa. Gold mining in johannesburg, south africa library of congress. The impact of gold mining on the witwatersrand on the rivers. The reinvestment project identified that the optimum plan would be to refocus mining on the highergrade core of the main damang ore body, where grades of 2gt have been mined historically. South africas mining industries has propelled the development of the country. Revised and updated mineral resource estimate for the. After more than a century of gold mining in south africa, the us geological surveys latest estimate still ranks south africa as the custodian of the worlds second largest gold resources at 6,000 tonnes second only to australia. One of the youngest of the worlds major cities, johannesburg was founded in 1886, following the discovery of gold.1373 11 1519 820 264 857 250 1312 740 1261 1185 1334 1088 1228 1371 842 328 905 1227 413 478 375 983 91 878 313 213 1440 1143